Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress); habit, showing fruits and flowers. The seed is a tonic. Field pennycress is a nonedible, winter annual weed, widely distributed throughout every state in America except Hawaii. Seed can also be not-till drilled following corn harvest, but this is usually too late to establish a viable crop stand. of Plant Biology, Lance Miller, Research Assistant, Dept. The plant over winters in this stage, flowers and develops seeds in late April-early May and is ready to harvest in early June. PI: Jim Anderson. of Agronomy and Plant Genetics, Axel Garcia y Garcia, Assistant Professor, Dept. Field pennycress oil is suitable for biodiesel, which can be used alone or mixed with petroleum-based diesel to lower the emission of hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and other pollutants in engine exhaust. FIELD PENNYCRESS A potential new short season winter annual oil seed crop for use in corn/soybean rotations Overview Field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense) is a new, extremely winter hardy oilseed cash cover crop that can improve soil and water quality being developed by the University of Minnesota and the USDA-ARS. This is one of the most easily recognized members of the Brassicaceae (mustard) family because of its large and plentiful fruits which have the characteristic cabbage-like flavor when chewed. Seed meal remaining from biodiesel production has several potential uses. Improvement of Field Pennycress Germplasm for use as a Winter Annual Cover and Oilseed Crop. of Agronomy and Plant Genetics, Gabe Gusmini, Research Director, PepsiCo, University of Minnesota, Cody Hoerning, Research Assistant, Dept. The high level of glucosinolates, however contributes to biofumigant qualities of the defatted seed meal. Integration of field pennycress and camelina in a field corn production system. The benefits of using pennycress include protecting the soil over the winter and early spring to reduce soil erosion, nutrient loss, and weed infestations as well as producing oil that can be used as a biofuel feedstock (Johnson et al. of Agronomy and Plant Genetics, Winthrop Phippen, Professor of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Western Illinois University, John Sedbrook, Associate Professor of Genetics, Illinois State University, Donald Wyse, Professor, Dept. Farmers have observed the success of this volunteer winter annual weed as a cover crop in some years. Uses and Markets: Bioenergy, biodiesel can be made from the seed oil; agricultural, seed meal has potential as an organic fertilizer and soil fumigant. Learn more. Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress); habit, showing fruits and flowers. Botanical description: Thlaspi arvense is an erect, annual herb (Holm et al., 1997; NRCS, 2014). of Plant Biology, David Marks, Professor, Dept. This is mostly used in salads, sometimes in sandwich spreads. While many of us view the plant as a nuisance farmers growing pennycress can effectively increase farm revenues by 25 – 30% by growing the herb as an overwinter crop. Pennycress as Cover Crop Figures are from a poster presented by Flipp et al. Alternative processes yield livestock feed or protein isolates for human food, or the seed meal can be used as an organic fertilizer or a biofumigant. Field pennycress is a weed of cultivated land and wasteland. Thlaspi, or pennycress, is a genus of herbs of temperate regions of the Eurasian continent. We were able to show that fatty acid values predicted from a single seed are similar to the values of pooled seeds for linoleic acid (17.32% vs 18.10%), linolenic acid (11.10% vs 11.86%) and erucic acid (38.43% vs 38.74%) with the exception of … In the field now. In a turf situation, regular mowing at the proper h… Phippen has been working with pennycress lines since 2013 and continues to breed the best lines of the program for seed. Field pennycress is primarily a winter annual weed of winter small grains, nurseries and horticultural crops that is found throughout the United States. Hand-pulling and disposal of plants is an effective method of control with this weed. at the Green Lands Blue Waters conference in November 2013. Some pennycress varieties can yield 65 gallons of oil per acre, which can be converted into jet fuel. Their seeds are sometimes used as a spice, mostly for meat.. Photo about brassicaceae, farm, fresh - 176550634 Beyond determining the agronomic practices that increase the profitability and sustainability of Minnesota farmers, this project was designed to strengthen linkages between breeding/genetics and crop production faculty by providing a field orientated context to test and exchange ideas, along with offering interdisciplinary training to our graduate students. Webmaster: Jane Jewett | firstname.lastname@example.org, Field pennycress is a diploid species of the Brassicaceae family and is closely related to the model plant. We use an approach that allows for parallel assessment of genotypes and fatty acid composition on a small single seed of field pennycress. This result suggests that field pennycress biodiesel is better suited for use in cold climates than many other biodiesel fuels, such as soybean oil-based biodiesel. Leaves have lobes at the base where they clasp the stem. 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