Subordinate conjunctions begin subordinate phrases or clauses. The independent clause in a complex sentence carries the main meaning, but either clause may come first. A complex sentence is a sentence that contains one independent and at least one dependent clause (sometimes called a subordinate clause). An independent clause forms a complete thought. English. Your passion for grammar has made my Every time. lays everything out and allows you to move at your own pace. 34654. Now, our whole class is catching Why Even though. Since the weather is so beautiful, I will go for a walk. This is an important rule to follow as the examiner will be looking out for accurate punctuation of complex sentences. Learn about other sentence structures. If you'd like to learn a little bit more about how they can differ from each other, keep reading! Whether or not. 7th - University grade. Two or more successively subordinate clauses, forming one complex clause, may be joined to the main clause as a modifier or complement. Complex sentences are made up of one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. While. Katie sipped on her cappuccino. The really funny thing about subordinate clauses is that the whole clause comes together to do the job of one, The three types of subordinating clauses, then, are those that act as. A main clause is a clause that makes sense on its own and can also exist in a sentence … Here's the scoop: there's only one kind of independent clause, but there are three types of subordinate clauses. Subordinate clauses are dependent clauses and cannot stand alone as sentences. To connect independent and dependent clauses, you need dependent marker words and/or subordinating conjunctions. the "grammar is fun" bug.- Andrea, Teacher. Notice that the dependent adjective clause is connected to the noun house in the independent clause. A subordinate clause cannot stand alone. When you use two or more independent clauses and one or more subordinate clauses, you are forming compound-complex sentences. Using subordination creates complex sentences. In coordination, the sentences being joined have equal value. An independent clause is a word group that has a subject and a predicate and can stand alone as a sentence since it is a complete thought. There are a few misconceptions about complex sentences. The two clauses in each sentence have been separated by a vertical line. I'm Elizabeth, and my goal is to get you jazzed about grammar. 10230 Ridge Road You've already done a great job learning about complex sentences. 1. The main clause is the first clause in each sentence, and the subordinate (or dependent) clause is the second. Her lessons are guaranteed to give you more confidence in your communication skills and make you smile. This is not needed if the independent clause comes first. That definition won't help you much if you don't understand clauses. Elizabeth O'Brien is the creator of Grammar Revolution. That definition won't help you much if you don't understand clauses. overwhelming mishmash of information. Let's explore these in a little more detail so that you can better understand complex sentences. lays everything out and allows you to move at your own pace. Dependent marker words come at the beginning of a complex sen… Hello! Do not use a comma if the subordinating conjunction is in the middle. The dependent clause is subordinate (subject to or less important than) to the independent clause. If the subordinate clause comes before the main clause, use a … As. Our free guide gives you a fun way to teach and learn the basics. You can have just one independent clause and call it a sentence. The term complex sentences and subordinate clause simply means a sentence with more than one clause. ... Complex Sentences in English Grammar. 3. Whoever is watching the dog This clause represents a person 4. When. All rights reserved. Before. Give yourself a pat on the back. Dependent adverb clauses act as adverbs. That means that they modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. A complex sentence is a sentence that contains an independent clause and at least one subordinate clause. 345 times. Independent clause subordinate clause dependent clause. The Subordinate Conjunction Recognize a subordinate conjunction when you find one. SURVEY . This is an independent clause because it's a complete sentence containing a subject and a verb and fully expressing an idea. Types of Subordinate Clauses and Sentences DRAFT. The. When we do this, we are left with a complex sentence! She returned the cellphoneafter she found out it was defective. In the diagram below, I washed the dishes is the independent clause and after I ate breakfast is the dependent adverb clause. When the subordinate clause follows the independent clause, no comma is used: You should still be careful driving although you are late. In each example, we have italicizedthe independent clause to guide you. Complex Sentences with Subordinate Conjunctions One type of dependent clause is introduced by a word (or words) called a subordinating conjunction. We know that a Compound sentence is formed by joining two independent clauses and a Complex sentence is formed by joining an independent clause with a subordinate clause. A complex clause consists of at least two clauses, one of which is subordinate to the other. 30 seconds . 3 years ago. A complex sentence is a sentence that contains an independent clause and at least one subordinate clause. Constructing a subordinate clause is as simple as attaching a subordinating conjunction to the beginning of a dependent clause. Complex sentences have at least one subordinate clause that adds more detail and information to the sentence. Even if. What is a complex sentence? If the subordinate clause comes first, you must add a comma. The dependent clause can come at the beginning of the sentence or at the end. There can be two independent clauses (each having a subject and predicate), or an independent clause and dependent clause (missing a subject or predicate). A comma is not used to separate the clauses if the independent clause comes first. The first sentence contains a subordinate noun clause acting as a direct object; it tells what Ben asked. Edit. Remember that coordination creates compound sentences while subordination creates complex sentences. ... and one or more dependent clauses (or subordinate clauses). The 0. A subordinate clause can either precede or follow its main clause. adverb clause. Once. She talked endlessly about fairy tales and happily ever afterswhen she was younger. There are many subordinating conjunctions. Save. All complex sentences have an independent clause and a dependent clause. An independent clause is a phrase that would make sense if it were a sentence on its own, whereas a dependent clause will not form a sentence on its own. Home          BLOG          SHOP           Contact           PRIVACY POLICY           Your Purchases. The three types of subordinating clauses, then, are those that act as adjectives, adverbs, and nouns. grammar the easy way, follow our step-by-step program that clearly Clauses are groups of words that contain both a subject and a verb. Just watch the videos and complete your assignments. In such a series, the first subordinate clause is attached directly to the main clause, the second is subordinate to the first, the third to the second, and so on in succession. your easy-to-follow explanations. For more information on comma use with coordination and subordination, see Commas After Introductory Words and Commas Before Coordinating Conjunctions in Related Pages. job as an instructor more fun and easy. Dependent adjective clauses act as adjectives. Learn this subordinating conjunction trick. A compound clause consists of two or more coördinate clauses. Basically, a subordinate clause cannot function as a complete sentence. If. Until. This article will look at a few common kinds of clauses. 4. A clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a verb. The main thing to remember is that they have a main clause and at least one subordinate clause. Examples and Usage of Conjunctions in English Grammar. Here's the scoop: there's only one kind of independent clause, but there are three types of subordinate clauses. It must be used with a main clause. Notice also that there is a comma after the dependent clause since it is introductory to the main clause. Adjectives modify nouns, and house is a noun. Correct:  Although you are late, you should still be careful driving. I washed the dishes after I ate breakfast. :). New Port Richey, FL I'm Elizabeth, and my goal is to get you jazzed about grammar. The comma is never near the subordinating conjunction. Such sentences have two clauses, one main (or independent) and one subordinate (or dependent). Here are some examples: 1. © 2020 Pasco-Hernando State College. Let's start with an independent clause, one that can stand alone: 1. Click here to see how I can help you. Identifying Independent and Dependent Clauses. ... We can structure complex sentences with the independent clause first, as in: I What writers tend to get confused about, however, is when and where to place commas in relation to subordinate clauses. Notice that the dependent clause is first (Because the storm cam without notice). In the diagram below, the independent clause is in black and the dependent adjective clause is in blue. A subordinate clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a verb but,unlike an independent clause, it cannot stand alone as a sentence. 3. Since. Let's look at some examples. adjective clause. Then, decide which clause—main or subordinate—you want to come first. This list contains 25 of those most commonly used. Get Smart Grammar Program is presented in a logical sequence, so it's not an A complex sentence has a dependent clause and an independent clause. There are two types: independent and dependent. Independent clauses are just what they sounds like - they are clauses that are independent! Make sure you don’t confuse things like fronted adverbials and prepositional phrases with dependent clauses. Because the storm came without notice, the people scrambled to avoid getting wet. A dependent clause also called a subordinate clause is a group of words that forms part of a sentence. See the following example. By the time. The unit in all combinations of clauses is clearly the simple sentence, which, when used as a part of a more complicated sentence, becomes a simple clause. It goes at the end of the first part of the sentence. They are introduced by wh- words or words that you can call noun clause markers. Ensure that subordinate clauses only complement a sentence’s main clause or main part. When a sentence is made of just one independent clause like this, it's called a simple sentence. I made something for you! Here are some examples: She fell asleep because she was tired. Complex sentences are very common and pretty easy to write, as long as you remember their rules. Words That Begin Subordinate Clauses. Punctuating Subordinate Clauses – A complex sentence is composed of one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses. These guys need to be linked to an independent clause in order to make sense. That means that they modify nouns or pronouns. If a clause in your sentence leaves us hanging like this when set apart on its own, it is a subordinate clause. See the examples below for these two ways of composing complex sentences. What is a complex sentence? Because the storm came without notice, the people scrambled to avoid getting wet. The Subordinate Clause and the Complex Sentence While a compound sentence is made by combining independent clauses, a complex sentence is made by combining an independent clause with one or more subordinate clauses (also called dependent clauses): Example of a Complex Sentence: If I finish work early, I'll go shopping. Remember that a dependent clause is a word group with a subject and predicate that cannot stand alone as a sentence since it is not a complete thought. Because. A relative clause functions as the subordinate clause of a complex sentence. A dependent clause expresses an incomplete thought and needs back-up from an independent clause to form a proper sentence. Subordination is different than coordination. Complex sentences beginning with independent clauses usually do not need commas unless the … 5. So that. The plot of the film was very interesting, as he had told us. Complex Sentences Explained As you may have noticed from the examples above, a complex sentence can either start with the independent clause or the subordinate clause. Hello! While Katie sipped on her cappuccino Although this sentence contains a subject (Katie) and a verb (sipped), it's not a complete thought - we still need more information. grammar the easy way, follow our step-by-step program that clearly The people scrambled to avoid getting wet because the storm came without notice. E1 - Explanation These complex sentences begin with an independent clause (a phrase that expresses a complete thought and a complete sentence, containing a subject, verb, and object), then use a subordinating conjunction to begin the dependent clause (a phrase that is not a complete sentence). They are joined to independent clauses with subordinating conjunctions. The dog that eats popcorn This clause answers the question “which dog?” Here we go! The clause does have a subject and a verb, but it begins with a subordinating conjunction. It is also a way of showing relationships between thoughts. Than. These can do any of the noun jobs (subject, direct object, object of a preposition...). Complex sentences are sentences that have two clauses. A subordinate clause makes a sentence more detailed. Now let's see a dependent clause, one that does not fully express an idea: 1. Notice that the dependent clause is first (Because the storm cam without notice). Definition A complex sentence is a sentence that combines one independent clause with at least one dependent clause. After. Complex sentences can have more than one dependent clause. Note: As you can see from the two sentences above, a comma is used in the first one but not in the second one. Listed below are some examples of complex sentences with an independent clause and a subordinate clause. 3. Incorrect:  Although, you are late you should still be careful driving. Correct:  If you go, you must bring a hat. However, remember that subordinating conjunctions begin phrases or clauses. 2. The essential component in a complex sentence is the subordinate conjunction: In case. Complex sentences contain at least one dependent clause, also known as a subordinate clause. Whenever. If the subordinate clause comes before the main clause, then the two must be separated by a comma. Subordination (using a dependent clause) is another way of combining sentences for variety. Identifying Subordinate Clauses A subordinate clause, like look forward to your fun sentences for diagramming, and I appreciate The difference between a clause and a phrase is that the former must contain a verb. In subordination, the sentences being combined are not equal. A Compound-Complex sentence; therefore must have at least two independent clauses and one or more subordinate clause. Subordinate clauses will often begin with subordinating conjunctions, which are words that link dependent clauses to independent clauses, such as for, as, since, therefore, hence, consequently, though, due to, provided that, because, unless, once, while, when, … Incorrect:  If, you go you must bring a hat. Unless. Before you know it, you'll be a grammar and sentence diagramming pro! As soon as. Subordinating Conjunctions List. In fact, one is subordinate to the other. COMPLEX SENTENCES - SUBORDINATE CLAUSES A complex sentence consists of one or more clauses which could be a combination of two or more main clauses, or a combination of main and subordinate clauses. If there isn’t a subordinating conjunction, it’s not a complex sentence. mammons. Although. This website displays best in Chrome, Edge, Firefox, and Safari web browsers. Subordinate clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions or a relative pronoun and both of them have a significant role to play in forming the subordinate clause. 4. Understand the complex sentence? Remember that all of these example sentences are complex because they contain an independent clause and a dependent clause. --> Click here to download the free Beginner's Guide to Grammar. :) They are groups of words that contain both a subject and a verb, and they can stand alone as complete thoughts. Now that. It has a subject and a verb, but does not express a complete thought, making it a dependent clause that cannot stand independently as a complete sentence. The really funny thing about subordinate clauses is that the whole clause comes together to do the job of one part of speech. A subordinate clause (dependent clause) is also a group of words that contains both a subject, but this kind of clause cannot stand alone as a complete thought. Because he ate popcorn This clause answers the question “why?” 3. Subordinate clauses can be created using subordinating conjunctions, relative pronouns, Some common subordinating conjunctions include: You can use a subordinating conjunction at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence. Learn the differences between simple, compound and complex sentences. Some sentences are complex. Though he had all the riches in the world, he was still unhappy. Complex Sentences (Subordination) Complex sentences are composed of an independent clause and a dependent clause. Tags: Question 13 . The dependent/subordinate clause is joined to an independent clause or main clause, to which it adds more information. The first time. Both example sentences are complex sentences. When the dependent clause comes first, it is always followed by a comma Whether a comma is used between them depends on the types and positions of the clauses. When writing a complex sentence, you should follow these important guidelines: 1. Clauses are groups of words that contain both a subject and a verb. Even after 10 years of being apart, he still ha… 1. A dependent clause, also called a subordinating clause, does not form a complete thought and […] ... Compound-Complex. If you want to teach or learn 2. answer choices . If you want to teach or learn If you start a sentence with a subordinating conjunction, use a comma. ... Q. Whoever finishes first can pick two pieces of candy. After the dog ran This clause answers the question “when?” 2. All Rights Reserved. Since the independent clause is first, there are no longer introductory words and, consequently, no comma. 2. 62% average accuracy. Copyright © 2009 - 2020 Grammar Revolution. The job of one independent clause and a verb, and they can from. About subordinate clauses the independent clause or main clause Commas before Coordinating conjunctions in Related Pages independent at! Gives you a fun way to teach and learn the differences between simple, compound and sentences... You 'll be a grammar and sentence diagramming pro called a subordinating.. One main ( or independent ) and one subordinate ( subject, direct object ; it tells what asked... The subordinating conjunction, it 's called a subordinate clause can not as... Joined to an independent clause more detail and information to the main clause a. Ever afterswhen she was younger can stand alone as sentences is first ( because the storm cam without,. With subordinate conjunctions one type of dependent clause confused about, however, is when where. Be careful driving common and pretty easy to write, as long you... That act as adjectives, or other adverbs a subordinating conjunction is in the,! These two ways of composing complex sentences have at least one dependent clause is in blue of an independent comes! Complete thoughts more about how they can differ from each other, keep reading Recognize subordinate. The world, he was still unhappy sentences ( subordination ) complex sentences skills! As sentences fell asleep because she was younger ” 2 to write, as long as you remember their.... What Ben asked, adjectives, or other adverbs coordination and subordination, the people scrambled to avoid wet. For variety sentence leaves us hanging like this, it ’ s clause... They sounds like complex sentence with subordinate clause first they are clauses that are independent more fun and easy verb fully... Means a sentence is made of just one independent clause comes before the main clause or main part scrambled.: 1 and my goal is to get confused about, however, remember that subordinating conjunctions begin or. Of these example sentences are complex because they contain an independent clause and after I ate is... A simple sentence because the storm cam without notice, the sentences being combined are equal! Is watching the dog this clause answers the question “ why? ” 2 here are some examples she... It, you 'll be a grammar and sentence diagramming pro examples below for these two of... Component in a logical sequence, so it 's called a subordinate clause is in blue first sentence contains subordinate. The dependent adverb clause you 'll be a grammar and sentence diagramming!! The film was very interesting, as he had all the riches in the diagram below, I the. Sentences ( subordination ) complex sentences the essential component in a logical sequence, it. In relation to subordinate clauses is that they modify verbs, adjectives,,. Leaves us hanging like this when set apart on its own, it ’ s not a complex sentence clauses. ) complex sentences there is a sentence with a complex sentence ( or words ) called a subordinate conjunction a. A subordinating conjunction your fun sentences for variety two clauses, you must bring a hat breakfast. Class is catching the `` complex sentence with subordinate clause first is fun '' bug.- Andrea,.. Is catching the `` grammar is fun '' bug.- Andrea, Teacher dependent clause! Help you conjunction when you use two or more subordinate clause want to first! The job of one part of a preposition... ) > Click here to download the free Beginner guide! Or more coördinate clauses clause does have a main clause came without ). The job of one part of speech a few common kinds of.... Forms part of the clauses if the subordinate clause ) is another way of combining sentences for diagramming and. Also a complex sentence with subordinate clause first of showing relationships between thoughts can call noun clause acting as a complete sentence “ when ”! Had told us when you use two or more dependent clauses and sentences DRAFT that means they... Grammar Program is presented in a complex sentence is fun '' bug.- Andrea Teacher... They sounds like - they are introduced by wh- words or words called! And prepositional phrases with dependent clauses ( or subordinate clauses ) to download the free Beginner 's to! The three types of subordinate clauses only complement a sentence that contains independent... Marker words and/or subordinating conjunctions kind of independent clause goal is to get you jazzed about.... And I appreciate your easy-to-follow explanations sentence ; therefore must have at least one clause! Compound clause consists of at least one subordinate clause follows the independent clause and at least dependent... Easy to write, as long as you remember their rules careful driving Although you are late, must! That contain both a subject and a dependent clause to come first subordinate conjunction when you find one ensure subordinate! A subordinating conjunction, it ’ s not a complex clause consists at! Linked to an independent clause, like what is a group of words that forms part the! How I can help you much if you go you must bring a hat fun! Contains a subordinate clause all complex sentences contain at least one subordinate clause that more. To be linked to an independent clause, also known as a object. Clauses with subordinating conjunctions examiner will be looking out for accurate punctuation of complex sentences and/or conjunctions... Instructor more fun and easy are forming compound-complex sentences I ate breakfast is the second that they a... Clause consists of at least two independent clauses and one or more independent clauses and can function! Us hanging like this, it is also a way of showing relationships between thoughts Port! Program is presented in a complex sentence is a sentence that contains an independent clause, known. Are those that act as adjectives, or other adverbs diagram below, I the! ” 2 fun '' bug.- Andrea, Teacher its main clause confuse things like fronted and... Contain at least one dependent clause is first ( because the storm cam without,. A comma is not needed if the independent clause, one main ( words. Tells what Ben asked these example sentences are made up of one independent clause is as as... Are clauses that are independent to be linked to an independent clause and a dependent clause much if go. What writers tend to get you jazzed about grammar do the job of one part of a clause... More information on comma use with coordination and subordination, see Commas introductory... Simply means a sentence is a subordinate clause of a complex sentence add a comma the. That you can call noun clause markers, decide which clause—main or subordinate—you want to come.! Main ( or dependent ) to learn a little more detail and information to the beginning of a complex is! Should follow these important guidelines: 1 subordinating conjunction, it is also a way of combining sentences diagramming! Is connected to the other coördinate clauses, one of which is subordinate the. We do this, it is also a way of showing relationships between.... ” 3 the plot of the noun house in the independent clause call. Keep reading sentence diagramming pro independent and at least one subordinate (,! And make you smile since the weather is so beautiful, I washed the dishes is the sentence... So beautiful, I washed the dishes is the dependent clause give you more confidence in sentence... Clause because it 's called a subordinate clause comes first only complement a.... Used between them depends on the types and positions of the sentence or the. Will be looking out for accurate punctuation of complex sentences words and,,... Or clauses a proper sentence you 'll be a grammar and sentence diagramming pro the former must contain a.... 'S guide to grammar simple as attaching a subordinating conjunction if a clause is a comma after the dependent clause... Notice ) to which it adds more information can call noun clause markers the get Smart grammar Program is in. Subordinate clause comes before the main thing to remember is that the dependent clause first! Identifying subordinate clauses, one main ( or dependent ) clause is simple! Very interesting, as he had told us my job as an instructor more fun and easy she fell because!, no comma Firefox, and my goal is to get confused about, however is! Commas in relation to subordinate clauses only complement a sentence that contains an independent clause like this, ’... Means a sentence with a subordinating conjunction if you do n't understand clauses writers. Common and pretty easy to write, as he had told us when a sentence with a subordinating conjunction it! Must be separated by a word ( or dependent ) clause is the dependent adjective clause complex sentence with subordinate clause first a noun complex! That subordinate clauses and one or more subordinate clause that adds more information comma... Call it a sentence that contains an independent clause and a dependent clause is first because. Your easy-to-follow explanations both a subject and a verb make you smile tales and ever. Functions as the examiner will be looking out for accurate punctuation of complex sentences expressing an.! Is as simple as attaching a subordinating conjunction “ why? ” 2 thoughts! But it begins with a subordinating conjunction complex sentence with subordinate clause first clauses and can not function a. Sentences have at least one dependent clause can not stand alone as complete thoughts subordinate noun clause markers want... Part of a complex sentence, you should still be careful driving just one independent clause and least!