It was a permanent structure which was harder to get into but people found ways … Over the following decades the Dukes of Anjou popularised the design. Motte and Bailey castles were fine while the Normans had little time and needed to show their control quickly. The Bailey was the part of the castle where people lived and animals were kept. 2. Motte and bailey castles were quick and cheap to erect - - some only took a couple of weeks! "Twelfth Century Great Towers - The Case for the Defence". The huge motte … Christchurch Castle. Their construction was the start of what was to become a massive castle building programme in England and Wales. Facts about Motte and Bailey Castles 4: The gate. NEXT 2. Castle Acre Castle. The lines on the plan show how the ground rises and falls. Concentric castles were built by … The sides of the Motte were purposely made steep so that in an attack it would be impossible for the enemy to run up them in one go. Motte and bailey castles were built first, and when William had founded his reign over England he constructed large stone keep castles. At the foot of the motte was an enclosure called the bailey where the soldiers had their living quarters. What were the advantages of motte and bailey castles? The walls of Restormel are around 2.5m thick and 8m tall – consequently quite a beefy size for a true shell-keep; but the castle was expertly designed for defence, as it boasted a comparatively very deep moat. The largest motte and bailey castle in Britain is thought to be Old Sarum, located in Wiltshire, England. Look at the list of information below. Motte and Bailey castles were built in the 11th century just after the battle of Hastings in 1066. Motte And Bailey Castles Advantages and Disadvanteges 10 Terms. Oakham Castle. Advantages of the motte and bailey castleAdvantages of the motte and bailey castle 1. [38] Another factor may have been speed, as ringworks were faster to build than mottes. Old Sarum Castle. 5.Activity and Task … Eye Castle. The development of the castles were cheap and quick. A drawbridge was used to cross the ditch to give easy access to the bailey. Castle designers realized it was preferable to build in more durable stone. The stone keep castle was the next step up from the Motte and Bailey because it was made for comfort as well as a sign of power. > Advantages and Disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. The five main reasons why Duke William won the Battle of Hastings 5 Terms. (1) Describe the major advantages of Stone keep Castles over Motte and bailey Castles. Oxford Castle. A motte and bailey castle could be up in a few weeks! Wooden gate is the entrance to the Bailey. Motte and bailey castles appeared in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066.Motte and bailey castles were a common feature in England by the death of William the Conqueror in 1087. Fire has little effect on a stone castle. Windsor castle is one of the many homes of our present day Queen. England saw a major castle building operation after 1066 under William the Conqueror’s command. Primarily, they were undeniably stronger defensive fortifications – until the late 12 th and early 13 th century, stone keep castles were effectively … A motte and bailey castle could be up in a few weeks! The students then read a short piece of text and use it to label a small cut-out of the Motte and Bailey and this leads nicely into a task that looks at the advantages and disadvantages of the castle. With a usual build time of four to nine months, these castles could allow a lord or king to rapidly lay claim to a newly captured territory, or else … Motte and bailey castles could be built very quickly, some being raised in only eight days. To give added protection to the castle, both the Motte and Bailey would be surrounded by a ditch, sometimes filled with water. The thicker end of each line indicates a high point and the thinner end indicates a low point. Maddytn. Advantages and Disadvantages of Stone Keep Castles. Advantages of a Motte and Bailey Castle. the boxes with five pieces of information about Beaumaris, Harlech and advantages of a motte and bailey castle. What were motte-and-bailey castles? This was the most common form of castle in Europe in the 11th century, except in Scandinavia. The motte is a raised mound or earthwork with a stone or wooden keep (a fortified tower) on top. Development of Castles 6 Terms. Main doorways were built above ground level; disadvantages of stone keep castles. They protected the soldiers that William … Free. The bailey is a courtyard enclosed and protected by a ditch and a palisade (a wall made from lare wooden stakes). Clare Castle. Meulemeester, p.105; Cooper, p.18; Butler, p.13. (1) Describe the major advantages of Stone keep Castles over Motte and bailey Castles. Download Advantages and Disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. The … HistoryTred; Subjects. There are many advantages of motte and bailey castles. Windsor Castle - originally a motte and bailey castle. The bailey might also house workshops and farm animals. A motte-and-bailey castle is a wooden or stone keep building which sits on a raised mound called a motte and is accompanied by an enclosed courtyard, called a bailey. Click the button below to download this worksheet for use in the classroom or at home. There are two baileys shown on the plan, an inner and outer bailey. All Castles in "Motte and bailey" (22) Motte and bailey. If there were houses where the Normans wanted to build a castle they often just built the motte straight on top. The students can also look at the potential effects this may have had on the Saxons by looking at a small video clip … Windsor Castle, in England, is an example of a motte-and-bailey castle. It is surrounded by a protective ditch and a fence called a palisade and was the first type of castle to be built in England after the Norman conquest in 1066. Arts and Humanities. A drawbridge was used for access to the castle. The most important part of the Motte and Bailey castle was the keep. Chartley Castle. Burgh Castle. Stone keep castles held many advantages over the motte-and-bailey castles that they superseded. Motte and bailey Sites. Originally, these castles were constructed from timber and earth alone; they were cheap and easy to build and didn't require any special design. Built around 290 AD and known to the Romans as Anderitum, the fort appears to have been the base for a fleet … Stone castles had a number of advantages over wooden motte and bailey. Pevensey Castle is a medieval castle and former Roman Saxon Shore fort at Pevensey in the English county of East Sussex.The site is a Scheduled Monument in the care of English Heritage and is open to visitors. This was a huge difference compared to the years it would take to build a stone castle. Hertford Castle. The motte-and-bailey castle was a true European innovation. A single tower was built on (or partially within) the motte or earth mound while a courtyard area or bailey at the base was protected by a wooden palisade … This was a huge difference compared to the years it would take to build a stone castle. "Motte" redirects here. While the concept of ditches, ramparts, and stone walls as defensive measures is ancient, raising a motte is a medieval innovation. Aim: To understand how castles developed, and to learn some important terminology These sheets cover the following: 1.What a motte and bailey castle is. However, as time continued their weaknesses became obvious. Rockingham Castle … A motte and bailey castle is, as the name suggests, made up of two parts: the motte and the bailey. This was called the bailey and in it soldiers were stationed and animals kept. Plympton Castle. Maddytn. 3.What they looked like. All of this could usually be achieved in about a week. 4.What their advantages and disadvantages were. The strengths and advantages of concentric castles were numerous!What were the Weaknesses and Disadvantages of Concentric … A motte-and-bailey is a form of castle situated on a raised earthwork and surrounded by a ditch and protective fence. 2.Why they were built. Facts about Motte and Bailey Castles 5: The advantages of motte and bailey castles. The Normans were known for being expert castle builders. The motte and bailey castle was an early form of medieval fortification especially popular with the Normans in northern France and Britain during the 11th century CE. The first motte-and-bailey castle was built at Vincy, Northern France, in 979. There are Guardhouses in some gates which were built besides the gate. Although William the Conqueror is credited with the introduction of the Norman castle in Britain, it is believed that there were three … A large castle might have more than one Bailey. The castles were quick to build. Mottes were mounds, some natural, some man made, surmounted by a tower. This was one of the reasons why Motte and Bailey castles were soon replaced by Stone Keep castles. They protected the soldiers that William used to control the country and were easy to … It was evident that there was a need for further innovation in castle defense. Diagram of a motte-and-bailey castle. Click the following link for details of Attacking Motte and Bailey castles Attacking a concentric castle during the Middle Ages was made difficult by the skills and designs of the concentric castles by people like King Edward I and his master builder and architect, Master James of St. George. Advantages of the motte and bailey castle 1. 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